Blues The best music site on the web there is where you can read about and listen to blues, jazz, classical music and much more. This is your ultimate music resource. Tons of albums can be found within. http://www.theblues-thatjazz.com/pl/blues/5250.html Sat, 25 May 2024 09:26:18 +0000 Joomla! 1.5 - Open Source Content Management pl-pl Paul Robeson - Ballad For Americans (1958) http://www.theblues-thatjazz.com/pl/blues/5250-paul-robeson/24058-paul-robeson-ballad-for-americans-1958.html http://www.theblues-thatjazz.com/pl/blues/5250-paul-robeson/24058-paul-robeson-ballad-for-americans-1958.html Paul Robeson - Ballad For Americans (1958)

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1 	Shenandoah 	2:53
2 	Deep River 	2:16
3 	Go Down, Moses 	1:56
4 	On My Journey 	1:26
5 	Water Boy 	2:47
6 	The Minstrel Boy 	1:47
7 	Londonderry Air (Danny Boy) 	2:47
8 	Loch Lomond 	2:06
9 	Joshua Fought The Battle Of Jericho 	1:26
10 	Get On Board, Little Children 	1:15
11 	Scandalize My Name 	1:46
12 	Sometimes I Feel Like A Motherless Child 	2:49
13 	Eriskay Love Lilt 	2:37
14 	Now Sleeps The Crimson Petal 	2:06
15 	Mexican Lullaby 	2:18
16 	All Through The Night 	2:03
17 	Jerusalem 	2:00
18 	Drink To Me Only With Thine Eyes 	3:01
19 	The Four Rivers 	2:43
20 	John Brown's Body 	2:46
21 	The House I Live In 	2:24
22 	Ballad For Americans	10:08

Paul Robeson - Vocals, Narrator
Alan Booth, Harriet Wingreen - Piano
American Peoples Chorus
Victor Symphony Orchestra
Milt Okum, Nathaniel Shilkret - Conductor

 

In the absence of a multi-label Paul Robeson box, this 22-song CD is a superb account of the singer's late career, with one major work from his pre-blacklist years represented as well. In the late '50s, Robeson, like the Weavers -- who also were persona non grata at the major labels due to their leftist political views -- began recording for Vanguard Records, a New York-based independent label that wasn't afraid of controversial artists. These sides captured his last great years as an artist and reminded the public that the singer had not been silenced, despite his decade in the artistic wilderness. The material ranges from spirituals ("Deep River," "Go Down, Moses"), work songs ("Water Boy"), sea shanties ("Shenandoah"), classical compositions ("Jerusalem"), and traditional Irish and English folk songs ("Londonderry Air") to once-topical (and still relevant) songs such as Earl Robinson's "The House I Live In" (made famous in the mid-40s by Lauritz Melchior, Josh White, and Frank Sinatra). Robeson's voice is rougher and harder than it was in his prime, but he makes up for his lack of range with outstanding enunciation and projection, and he is equally impressive on the numbers done with solo piano accompaniment and those arranged for orchestra and chorus by Robert Decormier. The highlight of this collection, however, is the title track, "Ballad for Americans," which Vanguard can justifiably be said to have rescued from oblivion in the RCA-Victor catalog. Clocking in at ten minutes, the 1939 recording is a fascinating, still somewhat compelling concept work authored by Earl Robinson and John LaTouche, in which Robeson represents the entire country, all of "the people," in this grand musical canvas, supported by a chorus and a full orchestra. His voice is richer on this cut than on any of the other material here, understandable since it was recorded nearly two decades earlier, and the only drawback is that this piece -- by its nature as an overtly political, patriotic leftist work -- is as much acted as sung. One needed a larger-than-life vocal presence such as Robeson to pull this off. One can only be grateful for Vanguard's foresight in acquiring the quarter-century-old recording for this compilation in its original double-LP format, and to RCA-Victor (who were likely only too happy to let it go for whatever money they could get, at the time) for permitting its use; the song, although somewhat arch and pretentious at times, is a vivid reminder of the era in which Robeson made his name, and great battles for the hearts and minds of audiences were being fought daily. The sound on the Vanguard original recordings is excellent, despite this being one of the earlier LP-to-CD conversions from the catalog; "Ballad for Americans," a much older work recorded during the 78 rpm era, has some noise from its non-tape original source, and more limited audio range than the rest of the material, but is still eminently listenable and, at times, most striking in its structure and sensibilities. ---Bruce Eder, AllMusic Review

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administration@theblues-thatjazz.com (bluesever) Paul Robeson Sun, 09 Sep 2018 10:00:05 +0000
Paul Robeson ‎– Negro Spirituals (1982) http://www.theblues-thatjazz.com/pl/blues/5250-paul-robeson/19587-paul-robeson--negro-spirituals-1982.html http://www.theblues-thatjazz.com/pl/blues/5250-paul-robeson/19587-paul-robeson--negro-spirituals-1982.html Paul Robeson ‎– Negro Spirituals (1982)

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A1 	Hammer Song	2:05
A2 	Water Me From The Lime Rock 	1:35
A3 	Scandalize My Name 	1:55
A4 	Jacob´s Ladder 	2:55
A5 	Wittness	2:10
A6 	Stand Still, Jordan 	3:20
A7 	Takin´ Names 	2:25
A8 	Swing Low, Sweet Chariot 	2:08
B1 	No More Auction 	2:10
B2 	Some Day He´ll Make It Plain To Me 	3:30
B3 	Didn´t Me Lord Deliver Daniel 	1:20
B4 	Bear The Burden In The Heat Of Day 	3:14
B5 	Mount Zion: "On My Journey" 	2:19
B6 	I´m Gonna Let It Shine 	2:27
B7 	Let Us Break Together On Knees 	1:55
B8 	Amazing Grace 	3:30

Paul Robeson – vocals
Alan Booth – piano
Brownie McGhee – guitar (A1)
Sonny Terry – harmonica (A1)
Lawrence Brown – vocals, piano (A5)

 

The tunes and the beats of negro spirituals and Gospel songs are highly influenced by the music of their actual cultural environment. It means that their styles are continuously changing.

The very first negro spirituals were inspired by African music even if the tunes were not far from those of hymns. Some of them, which were called "shouts" were accompanied with typical dancing including hand clapping and foot tapping. Some African American religious singing at this time was referred as a "moan" (or a "groan"). Moaning (or groaning) does not imply pain. It is a kind of blissful rendition of a song, often mixed with humming and spontaneous melodic variation. In the early nineteenth century, African Americans were involved in the "Second Awakening". They met in camp meetings and sang without any hymnbook. Spontaneous songs were composed on the spot. They were called "spiritual songs and the term "sperichil" (spiritual) appeared for the first time in the book "Slave Songs of The United States" (by Allen, Ware, Garrison, 1867).

As negro spirituals are Christian songs, most of them concern what the Bible says and how to live with the Spirit of God. For example, the "dark days of bondage" were enlightened by the hope and faith that God will not leave slaves alone.

By the way, African Americans used to sing outside of churches. During slavery and afterwards, slaves and workers who were working at fields or elsewhere outdoors, were allowed to sing "work songs". This was the case, when they had to coordinate their efforts for hauling a fallen tree or any heavy load. Even prisoners used to sing "chain gang" songs when they worked on the road or on some construction project.

But some "drivers" also allowed slaves to sing "quiet" songs, if they were not apparently against slaveholders. Such songs could be sung either by only one soloist or by several slaves. They were used for expressing personal feeling and for cheering one another. So, even at work, slaves could sing "secret messages". This was the case of negro spirituals, which were sung at church, in meetings, at work and at home.

The meaning of these songs was most often covert. Therefore, only Christian slaves understood them, and even when ordinary words were used, they reflected personal relationship between the slave singer and God.

The codes of the first negro spirituals are often related with an escape to a free country. For example, a "home" is a safe place where everyone can live free. So, a "home" can mean Heaven, but it covertly means a sweet and free country, a haven for slaves. The ways used by fugitives running to a free country were riding a "chariot or a "train". The negro spirituals "The Gospel Train" and "Swing low, sweet chariot" which directly refer to the Underground Railroad, an informal organization who helped many slaves to flee.

The lyrics of "The Gospel train" are "She is coming... Get onboard... There's room for many more..." This is a direct call to go way, by riding a "train" which stops at "stations". Then, "Swing low, sweet chariot" refers to Ripley, a "station" of the Underground Railroad, where fugitive slaves were welcome. This town is atop a hill, by Ohio River, which is not easy to cross. So, to reach this place, fugitives had to wait for help coming from the hill. The words of this spirituals say, "I looked over Jordan and what did I see/ Coming for to carry me home/ A band of angels coming after me".

Spirituals were sung at churches with an active participation of the congregation (as it is usual in a Pentecostal church). Their lyrics mainly remain similar to those of the first negro spirituals. They were often embellished and they were also called either "church songs" or "jubilees" or "holy roller songs". But some hymns were changed by African American and became "Dr Watts".

The particular feature of this kind of singing was its surging, melismatic melody, punctuated after each praise by the leader's intoning of the next line of the hymn. The male voices doubled the female voices an octave below and with the thirds and the fifths occurring when individuals left the melody to sing in a more comfortable range. The quality of the singing was distinctive for its hard, full-throated and/or nasal tones with frequent exploitation of falsetto, growling, and moaning.

The beats of Dr Watt's songs were slow, while there are other types of spirituals. These beats are usually classed in three groups:

- the "call and response chant",
- the slow, sustained, long-phrase melody,
- and the syncopated, segmented melody,
- "Call and response"

 

For a "call and response chant", the preacher (leader) sings one verse and the congregation (chorus) answers him with another verse. An example of such songs is "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot"

As traditional negro spirituals continued to be sung, new Gospel songs were created. The lyrics of these new songs dealt with praising the Lord, with personal improvement and with brotherly community life. Many of them were inspired by social problems: segregation, lack of love, drugs, etc. For the struggle for Civil Rights, in the 1960s, negro spirituals like "We shall overcome", "Oh Freedom" and "This Little Light of Mine" used to be sung.

Sometimes the words of traditional negro spirituals were slightly changed and adapted to special events. For example, the words of "Joshua Fought the Battle of Jericho (and the walls came tumbling down)" were changed into "Marching 'round Selma". During this period, some Gospel songs were more secular. They were included in shows like "Tambourine to Glory" (by Langston Hughes). In the 1970s, mainly Edwin Hawkins ("Oh Happy Day") created the "pop-gospel"». This type of singing needs several instruments to accompany the singers who are often assembled in choirs.

Between 1925 and 1985, negro spirituals were sung in local communities. Some scientists, such as Alan Lomax and John Lomax, collected them, as they were spontaneous performed. At the same time, composers, such as John W. Work, arranged their tunes. Some of these composers , such as Jester Hairston, were influenced by the Black Renaissance. This means that their arrangements were influenced by the European classic music. After 1925, artists created Gospel songs, which were either "soul" or "hard beat". The number of instruments accompanying singers increased. Some composers, such as Moses Hogan, arranged traditional negro spirituals.

The new Gospel songs created after 1985 are of two types. The first type concerns songs, which are for either worship services or special events in churches. The second type includes songs, which are for concerts. They are more or less secular even when they speak of Christian life. --- negrospirituals.com

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administration@theblues-thatjazz.com (bluesever) Paul Robeson Wed, 20 Apr 2016 15:59:25 +0000